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From: Yair Davidiy (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Subject: Rosh HaShanah and the Ten Tribes
ROSH HASHANAH AND THE TEN TRIBES
Question to Yair Davidi from Robert:
In today's haftora, of the second day of Rosh Hashana, there is a sentence which the prophet describes as the eventual welcoming back of Ephraim into the Land by Judah ...
Answer from Yair Davidi:
1) By "Haftorah" you mean the portion from the Prophets read weekly in the Synagogue.
The Haftorah for the Second day of Rosh HaShanah is from Jeremiah 31:1-19.
Ephraim is mentioned in the Musaf for Rosh HaShannah and the Exiles of Ashur. I believe all of this is very significant.
On the Rosh Hashana the return of Lost Ten Tribes seems to be one of the common themes. For instance, Isaiah 27:13 is frequently repeated:
[Isaiah 27:13] AND IT SHALL COME TO PASS IN THAT DAY, THAT THE GREAT TRUMPET SHALL BE BLOWN, AND THEY SHALL COME WHICH WERE READY TO PERISH IN THE LAND OF ASSYRIA, AND THE OUTCASTS IN THE LAND OF EGYPT, AND SHALL WORSHIP THE LORD IN THE HOLY MOUNT AT JERUSALEM.
This is clearly referring to the Lost Ten tribes who were taken into exile to Assyria as may be seen from the following verse (28:1) that mentions "THE DRUNKARDS OF EPHRAIM".
Concerning the Haftorah, here is the passage that should have been referred to:
[Jeremiah 31:1] AT THE SAME TIME, SAITH THE LORD, WILL I BE THE GOD OF ALL THE FAMILIES OF ISRAEL, AND THEY SHALL BE MY PEOPLE.
[Jeremiah 31:2] THUS SAITH THE LORD, THE PEOPLE WHICH WERE LEFT OF THE SWORD FOUND GRACE IN THE WILDERNESS; EVEN ISRAEL, WHEN I WENT TO CAUSE HIM TO REST.
[Jeremiah 31:3] THE LORD HATH APPEARED OF OLD UNTO ME, SAYING, YEA, I HAVE LOVED THEE WITH AN EVERLASTING LOVE: THEREFORE WITH LOVINGKINDNESS HAVE I DRAWN THEE.
[Jeremiah 31:4] AGAIN I WILL BUILD THEE, AND THOU SHALT BE BUILT, O VIRGIN OF ISRAEL: THOU SHALT AGAIN BE ADORNED WITH THY TABRETS, AND SHALT GO FORTH IN THE DANCES OF THEM THAT MAKE MERRY.
[Jeremiah 31:5] THOU SHALT YET PLANT VINES UPON THE MOUNTAINS OF SAMARIA: THE PLANTERS SHALL PLANT, AND SHALL EAT THEM AS COMMON THINGS.
[Jeremiah 31:6] FOR THERE SHALL BE A DAY, THAT THE WATCHMEN UPON THE MOUNT EPHRAIM SHALL CRY, ARISE YE, AND LET US GO UP TO ZION UNTO THE LORD OUR GOD.
[Jeremiah 31:7] FOR THUS SAITH THE LORD; SING WITH GLADNESS FOR JACOB, AND SHOUT AMONG THE CHIEF OF THE NATIONS: PUBLISH YE, PRAISE YE, AND SAY, O LORD, SAVE THY PEOPLE, THE REMNANT OF ISRAEL.
[Jeremiah 31:8] BEHOLD, I WILL BRING THEM FROM THE NORTH COUNTRY, AND GATHER THEM FROM THE COASTS OF THE EARTH, AND WITH THEM THE BLIND AND THE LAME, THE WOMAN WITH CHILD AND HER THAT TRAVAILETH WITH CHILD TOGETHER: A GREAT COMPANY SHALL RETURN THITHER.
[Jeremiah 31:9] THEY SHALL COME WITH WEEPING, AND WITH SUPPLICATIONS WILL I LEAD THEM: I WILL CAUSE THEM TO WALK BY THE RIVERS OF WATERS IN A STRAIGHT WAY, WHEREIN THEY SHALL NOT STUMBLE: FOR I AM A FATHER TO ISRAEL, AND EPHRAIM IS MY FIRSTBORN.
[Jeremiah 31:10] HEAR THE WORD OF THE LORD, O YE NATIONS, AND DECLARE IT IN THE ISLES AFAR OFF, AND SAY, HE THAT SCATTERED ISRAEL WILL GATHER HIM, AND KEEP HIM, AS A SHEPHERD DOTH HIS FLOCK.
[Jeremiah 31:11] FOR THE LORD HATH REDEEMED JACOB, AND RANSOMED HIM FROM THE HAND OF HIM THAT WAS STRONGER THAN HE.
[Jeremiah 31:12] THEREFORE THEY SHALL COME AND SING IN THE HEIGHT OF ZION, AND SHALL FLOW TOGETHER TO THE GOODNESS OF THE LORD, FOR WHEAT, AND FOR WINE, AND FOR OIL, AND FOR THE YOUNG OF THE FLOCK AND OF THE HERD: AND THEIR SOUL SHALL BE AS A WATERED GARDEN; AND THEY SHALL NOT SORROW ANY MORE AT ALL.
[Jeremiah 31:13] THEN SHALL THE VIRGIN REJOICE IN THE DANCE, BOTH YOUNG MEN AND OLD TOGETHER: FOR I WILL TURN THEIR MOURNING INTO JOY, AND WILL COMFORT THEM, AND MAKE THEM REJOICE FROM THEIR SORROW.
[Jeremiah 31:14] AND I WILL SATIATE THE SOUL OF THE PRIESTS WITH FATNESS, AND MY PEOPLE SHALL BE SATISFIED WITH MY GOODNESS, SAITH THE LORD.
[Jeremiah 31:15] THUS SAITH THE LORD; A VOICE WAS HEARD IN RAMAH, LAMENTATION, AND BITTER WEEPING; RAHEL WEEPING FOR HER CHILDREN REFUSED TO BE COMFORTED FOR HER CHILDREN, BECAUSE THEY WERE NOT.
[Jeremiah 31:16] THUS SAITH THE LORD; REFRAIN THY VOICE FROM WEEPING, AND THINE EYES FROM TEARS: FOR THY WORK SHALL BE REWARDED, SAITH THE LORD; AND THEY SHALL COME AGAIN FROM THE LAND OF THE ENEMY.
[Jeremiah 31:17] AND THERE IS HOPE IN THINE END, SAITH THE LORD, THAT THY CHILDREN SHALL COME AGAIN TO THEIR OWN BORDER.
[Jeremiah 31:18] I HAVE SURELY HEARD EPHRAIM BEMOANING HIMSELF THUS; THOU HAST CHASTISED ME, AND I WAS CHASTISED, AS A BULLOCK UNACCUSTOMED TO THE YOKE: TURN THOU ME, AND I SHALL BE TURNED; FOR THOU ART THE LORD MY GOD.
[Jeremiah 31:19] SURELY AFTER THAT I WAS TURNED, I REPENTED; AND AFTER THAT
I WAS INSTRUCTED, I SMOTE UPON MY THIGH: I WAS ASHAMED, YEA, EVEN
CONFOUNDED, BECAUSE I DID BEAR THE REPROACH OF MY YOUTH.
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