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From: Yair Davidi (email@example.com)
Subject: Welsh-Hebrew Origins
From: "Chris Newnham" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Subject: Re: BRIT-AM magazine
This is excellent stuff.
Do you at Britam have any information on connections between the Hebrew and Welsh languages?
YAIR DAVIDI REPLIES:
Extracts from Chapter Seventeen of "Lost Israelite Identity" which is presently out of print:
Insular British Celtic tongues, especially colloquial Welsh, says W.H.Worrell3, show certain peculiarities which are reminiscent of Hamitic and Semitic tongues and are unparalleled in Aryan languages. Similarly, according to H.Wagner:
"Irish..has as many features in common with non-Indo-European languages, especially with Hamito-Semitic languages, as with other Indo-European languages"4.
"Insular Celtic languages.. the grammatical categories having many affinities with non-Indo-European languages, in particular Basque and Berber"5.
"The comparative typology of insular Celtic initiated by Morris Jones and further developed by Pokorny, G.B.Adams, and myself has revealed that most of the many peculiar features of insular Celtic rarely traceable in other Indo-European languages have analogies in Basque, Berber, Egyptian, Semitic, and even in Negro languages"6.
"Certain features [(of marginal influence only)] of Old Irish verb forms can be understood only in the light of Hittite, Vedic, Sanskrit, and Mycenean Greek"7.
J.Morris Jones said that,
"The pre-Aryan idioms which still live in Welsh and Irish were derived from a language allied to Egyptian tongues"8.
The above linguistic remarks show that Insular Celtic (i.e. of Britain and Ireland as distinct from the Continental forms which were somewhat different) is consistent with the claims proposed herein: i.e. The original tongue of the Insular Celts was Semitic (Hebrew) which marginally was influenced by Mycenean Greek, Hittite, Indo-European (Sanskrit), Syrian, Mitanni, and what not. Heavy Hamitic influences may be attributable to those of some of the neighboring peoples, such as the Canaanites, and Egyptians, and to having sojourned in a North African environment. In addition, the natives of Spain amongst whom the Insular Celts or a good portion of them once dwelt, traded with, and fought against, were also at least in part of North African Berber related Hamitic origin. This explanation may sound involved and complicated but it accords with the evidence when archaeological, anthropological, mythological, and linguistic findings are compared with each other. At all events the natives of Ireland and Wales must have used a Hamitic /Semitic tongue(s) before they came into contact with Continental Indo-European ones.
HEBREW IN WELSH???
It was seen above that Irish and colloquial Welsh definitely have some type of underlying linguistic base that must only derive from Middle Eastern (Semitic) and/or North African Hamitic sources. This conclusion was derived from the quoted opinions of linguistic scientists still active in their field today.
It so happens that in the past there were others who held similar opinions but went further than their present-day continuers care to. They expressly related Celtic tongues to Hebrew!!!
A writer who signed his name "Glas" submitted a list of Welsh words with Hebrew origins in 1832. The writer remarked that, "But the best proof of the Eastern descent of the ancient British is the close resemblance and connection existing between the Welsh and Hebrew languages, even at this day. As a proof of this we have extracted the following vocabulary of words in both tongues, so closely resembling each other in sound and sense as to leave no doubt whatever on the subject. Many of these words, it will be found, have been transmitted from the Welsh, through the Anglo-Saxon into our modern English. It would be easy to swell their number..
Some of the examples adduced by the above writer were:
Aeth: He went, he is gone; hence Athah
Aml: Plentiful, ample =Hamale
Ydom: the earth = Adamah
Awye: air, sky = auor, or
bu: it came to pass = bo
boten, or potten : belly = beten.
brith: bright = barud
cas: hatred = caas (anger).
dafnu: to drop, or distill by drops = nataph, taph.
In 1675 Charles Edwards ("Hanes y Fydd") published A number of Welsh Cambro-Brittanic Hebraisms in which he shows that whole phrases in Welsh can be closely paralleled by whole phrases in Hebrew.
From the list of Charles Edwards, L.G.A. Roberts (1919) made a selection and we have selected examples from Roberts after slightly modernising the Hebrew transliterations: It should be noted that when account is taken for likely and known dialectical changes of pronounciation the examples given in effect show identical Welsh parallel phrases for the Hebrew original.
In Welsh: Gael hedd (Gen.31;47) meaning Geledd i.e. heap of testimony=3D in Hebrew (=E2=EC=F2a) : Galaed.
In Welsh: Bagad meaning "A troop cometh y" (Gen.30;11) =3D in Hebrew ( :=(=E1=E2aBagad.
In Welsh : Anudon meaning "Without God" =3D in Hebrew (=E0=E9=EF =E0a=E5=EF=) : Aen Adon.
In Welsh : Yni all sy dda meaning "I am the Almighty God" (Gen. 17;1) =3D in Hebrew: ((=E0d=E9 =E0=EC =F9a=E9 : Ani El Saddai.
In Welsh : Llai iachu yngwyddd achau ni meaning "Let him not live before
our brethren" (Gen. 31;32) =3D in Hebrew ( =EC=E0 =E9=E7=E9=E4 d=E2a =E0=E7==E9d=E5 ) Loa yichei
neged acheinu (Gen.31;32).
In Welsh Ochoren ballodddi hoc-dena meaning "After I am waxed old shall I have pleasure?" =3D in Hebrew : (=E0=E7o=E9 =E1=EC=FA=E9 =E4=E9=FA=E4 =EC=E9==F2ad=E4 ) Acharei belothi hedenah (Gen.18;12).
In Welsh Bebroch fra am beneu ach ef, dyfet Deborah mam ianceth Ribecah
meaning "When he fled from the face of his brother . But Deborah Rebecca's=
nurse died" (Gen. 35;7-8) =3D in Hebrew : (=E1=E1o=E7=E5 =EE=F4d=E9 =E0=E7==E9=E5 =E5=FA=EE=FA a=E1o=E4 =EE=E9d=F7=FA o=E1=F7=E4) Beborcho mpnei achiv vetamath Deborah mayneceth Ribecah.
In Welsh: Yngan Job yscoli yscoli cynghaws i (Job 6;1,2) meaning "Job answered, O that my grief were thoroughly weighed" =3D in Hebrew: (=E5=E9=F2==EF =E0=E9=E5=E1...=F9=F7=E5=EC =E9=F9=F7=EC =EB=F2=F9=E9) Veya(g)n Eyub ....s=hocol yishocal ca(g)si
In Welsh: Amelhau bytheu chwi a bythau holl ufyddau chwi meaning "And they shall fill your house and the houses of all your servants" (Gen. 10;6) =3D=in Hebrew (=E5=EE=EC=E0=E5 =E1=FA=E9=EA =E5=E1=FA=E9 =EB=EC =F2=E1a=E9=EA) : =Umalu bathechoh and bathei col avedochoh.
In Welsh Iachadd ni meaning "Thou hast healed me" =3D in Hebrew ( (=E4=E7=E9==FAd=E9 : hechiyatni.
In Welsh Nesa awyr peneu chwi meaning "Lif thou up the light of thy countenance" =3D in Hebrew (d=F1=E4 =E0=E5o =F4d=E9=EA) : nasa aor panec=hoh.(Psalms 4;6.).
In Welsh An annos meaning "None did compel" =3D in Hebrew ((=E0=E9=EF =E0=d=F1 : ain ones. (Esther 1;8).
In Welsh As chwimwth meaning "an angry man" =3D in Hebrew (=E0=E9=F9 =E7==EE=F1) : ish chamas (Psalms 140;12 Proverbs 16;29 meaning a wickedly-violent man).
In Welsh Be heulo, luerferfo (Job 6;4) meaning "When his candle shined ..... and by his light.." =3D in Hebrew (=E1=E4=E9=EC=E5 ..=EC=E0=E5o=E5) =: behilo, leoroe.
In Welsh Bwgythieu in gwarchaeni (Job 6;4) meaning "The terrors of God set themselves in array against me =3D in Hebrew (=E1=F2=E5=FA=E9 =E0=EC=E5=E4= =E9=F2o=EB=E5d=E9) : Biu(g)thi elohai ya-a(g)rchuni.
In Welsh I far meaning "Shall be cursed" =3D Hebrew (=E9=E5=E0o) : Yu-ar,=yuv-ar. (Numbers 22;6).
In Welsh Am geryddo fo meaning "At his reproof" =3D in Hebrew (=F2=ED =E2=F2=o=FA=E5) : im ge-arato.
Godfrey Hughes "The Celtic Druids" (1829) quotes from a certain Welsh Translation of the Bible in which similar examples as the above are apparent:
In Welsh By-lllwng Adon-ydb holl neuodh Jago meaning "The Lord has swallowed up all the tabernacles of Jacob" (Lamentations 2;2) =3D Hebrew (=E1=EC=F2 =E0ad=E9......=E0=FA =EB=EC d=E0=E5=FA =E9=F2=F7=E1) : Balla(ng=) Adoni eth col neoth Yacob.
In Welsh Dyrac buth-hi ai-i-sengyd meaning "The avenue of her dwelling he=
would go to tread" (Proverbs 7;8) =3D Hebrew (ao=EA =E1=E9=FA=E4 =E9=F6=F2=a) : Derech baithah yitsa(ng)d.
In Welsh Py yw-o sy maeloc y-cavad I-a-ywoo savwyod yw-o maeloc y-cavad,
Selah meaning "Who is the king of glory [attainment]? The LORD of hosts ,
he is the king of glory. Selah" (Psalms 24;10) =3D Hebrew (=EE=E9 =E4=E5==E0 =E6=E4 =EE=EC=EA
=E4=EB=E1=E5a =E4~ =F6=E1=E0=E5=FA =E4=E5=E0 =EE=EC=EA =E4=EB=E1=E5a =F1=EC=
=E4) Mi hu zeh melec hacavod Y....Tsavaoth hu melec hacavod selah.
The affinity between Hebrew and Welsh was mentioned by a certain Dr. Davies (amongst others) and in the preface to his Welsh Grammar there was a poem to the effect that:
"He gladly deigns his countrymen to teach, By well-weigh'd rules, the rudiments of speech; That when the roots first of our own we gain,The Hebrew tongue we thence may soon attain.
The Rev. Eliezer Williams (b.1754) wrote several works on the Celts and made several remarks (quoted by Roberts p.23):
"In the Hebrew...which the ancient British language greatly resembles..."The roots of most of the ancient British, or real Welsh, words may be regularly traced in the Hebrew.."Scarcely a Hebrew root can be discovered that has not its corresponding derivative in the ancient British language...But not only..the words...their variations and inflections afford a much stronger proof of affinity...The plural number of nouns likewise is often formed in a similar manner in the Celtic by adding in (a contraction of =E9=ED: i.e.-IM which is the suffix used in Hebrew to form the masculine plural)...in the formation of sentences, and in the government of words...the same syntax might serve for both.....
Davies in "Mythology of the Ancient Druids" (p.94) asserts that "Taleisin, the chief Bard, declares that his lore had been detailed in Hebraic..."
It follows from all the above that though the language of the British Celts
may have superficially conformed to an Indo-European type it had enough Semitic and Hebraic features to confirm the notion that Hebrew
had been their original tongue. This explanation fits best all of the facts
in our possession taken from all disciplines concerned with the subject.
Reference Notes To Chapter Seventeen.
1. Kashani p.29.
3. Worrell p.50.
4. Wagner p.206.
5. Wagner p.230.
6. Wagner p.208.
7. Wagner p.207.
8. Rolleston p.78.
NOTE FROM EDDIE:
Given the fact that I wrote a book entitled, "Restoring the Two Houses of Israel" and I have a strong passion to see the restoration and reunification of both houses of Israel (Ezekiel 37:15-28) and based upon this research done by Yair Davidi (an Orthodox Jew), I find it very interesting that my grandfather (my mother's father) was named:
William Moses Isaacs and was born in Wales.
He was the youngest of nine children and the oldest son was named Aaron, the next son was named Solomon and the first daughter was named Ruth.
END OF NOTE
YAIR DAVIDY AND BRIT-AM
BRIT-AM is an ORTHODOX JEWISH Organization
#1) Do Orthodox Jews believe in Replacement theology? NO
#2) Do Orthodox Jews believe in Christian British Israelism? NO
"Brit-Am Israel". (Brit =3D Covenant, Am =3D People in Hebrew)
"Brit-Am Israel" at present is headed by Yair Davidy and by Rabbi Abraham Feld.
The address of "Brit-Am Israel" is Yair Davidy, "Brit-Am Israel", P.O.B. 595, Jerusalem 91004, Israel.
The e-mail is : email@example.com
"BRIT-AM ISRAEL" BELIEVES:
* The Hebrew Bible is the message of God.
* Out of the original 12 Tribes of Israel Ten were lost. Two remained. The present-day Jews are descended mainly from the two remaining Tribes of Judah and Benjamin.
* The Khazars were a Kingdom in southern Russia many of whose leaders converted to Judaism. The Khazars were descended from the Lost Ten Tribes. The Khazars were blood-relatives of the Picts who went to Scotland, and of the Anglo-Saxons, and of peoples in Scandinavia.
* In addition to the Khazars, many other converts to Judaism through the ages were descended from assimilated Jews or from members of the Lost Ten Tribes.
* Most of the Lost Ten Tribes migrated to Northwest and Western Europe and their descendants are now in those areas or in North America, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa.
* We do not claim that all residents of the said nations are descended from Israel. We do however affirm that most descendants of the Lost Ten Tribes are residents of those nations. On the whole they are unaware of their Israelite Identity. Even so in the course of history the Israelite origins of peoples in those areas have influenced national developments and national characteristics.
* The Tribe of Joseph was divided into two other Tribes: Ephraim and Menasseh. People from ALL of the Israelite Tribes congregated in North America but in general the U.S.A. is dominated by Menasseh. Britain has characteristics of Ephraim.
* Reuben was important in France, Issachar in Switzerland, Benjamin in Belgium, Zebulon in Holland, Dan in Denmark, Naphtali in Norway, Gad in Sweden, the country of Finland was influenced by the Tribes of Simeon, Issachar, and Gad; Simeon, Dan, and Ephraim were important in Ireland.
* There is a need for the present-day "Jews" of Judah and the Lost Ten Tribes to recognize each other, and to work towards re-unification and reconciliation.
* Proof exists confirming "Brit-Am Israel" Identity beliefs. Some of the evidence has been presented in works by Yair Davidy such as "The Tribes" (1993), "Ephraim" (1995), and "Lost Israelite Identity" (1996), as well as in articles in our journal "Tribesman". Much additional evidence is available and needs to be uncovered and published. Our sources include the Bible, Talmud, Midrashim, Commentators, Classical Greek and Roman historians, Chroniclers, Legends, Linguistics, Archaeology, and where pertinent racial and other scientific studies.
* Even though much of the evidence has been revealed by ourselves it is not ours alone. Our proofs have never been properly refuted. The basic claims we have made are irrefutable. If one cannot deny our claims and there is nobody else who can it follows that one should accept them. This means that the identity of the Lost Ten Tribes of Israel with western peoples should be acknowledged. Once this acknowledgment is forthcoming it is possible to discuss whatever practical conclusions need to be made.
IF YOU ARE INTERESTED IN LEARNING MORE, IN DISCUSSION, AND/OR IN JOINING "BRIT-AM ISRAEL", please make contact by Return Mail.
NOTE FROM EDDIE:
FYI: Yair Davidy is an ORTHODOX JEW. He does NOT believe in:
#1) Replacement theology
#2) Christian British Israelism
Yair Davidy / Brit-Am / Orthodox Jews DO believe in:
#1) The Restoration of BOTH houses of Israel in the future (the Messianic redemption or the Ingathering of the Exiles) (Ezekiel 37:15-28) when the house of Israel (The Ten Lost Tribes) join themselves to / with the house of Judah in the end of days.
Recently, I ordered from Brit-Am and read the first three issues of the MAGAZINE BRIT-AM. The articles and the information in the magazine was OUTSTANDING.
It is VITAL in these days in which we live to understand that the
belief in the restoration of both houses of Israel / Messianic
Redemption / Ingathering of the Exiles and the reuniting of Ephraim
(Ten Lost Tribes) with Judah and Ephraim returning to Torah is a fundamental and foundational belief of Orthodox Judaism. It is one of the 13 articles of Jewish faith and a prayer for the Messianic Redemption / Restoration of both houses of Israel is prayed THREE times a day by Orthodox Jews.
I would HIGHLY recommend that our newsgroup members subscribe to the Brit-Am magazine to gain a greater understanding of Orthodox Jewish belief regarding this issue. In a recent edition of the magazine, Brit-Am stated that they have come to the conclusion that the primary religion of the Ten Lost Tribes today is Christianity.
Brit-Am declares that this information is VITAL to your understanding of the Bible and Hebraic Heritage Ministries Int'l agrees. Please consider obtaining the first 3 issues of the Brit-Am magazine and subscribing to future editions.
Yours for the restoration of both houses of Israel,
Hebraic Heritage Ministries Int'l
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