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From: Yair Davidy
To:      heb_roots_chr@hebroots.org
Subject: Biblical Thoughtson the Ten Lost Tribes

       Biblical Thoughts on the Ten Lost Tribes
                              by
                    Yair Davidy

   BRIT-AM is an ORTHODOX JEWISH Organization

  #1) Do Orthodox Jews believe in Replacement theology? NO
  #2) Do Orthodox Jews believe in Christian British Israelism? NO

 "Brit-Am  Israel".  (Brit = Covenant, Am = People in Hebrew)

 "Brit-Am  Israel" at present is headed by Yair Davidy and by Rabbi Abraham Feld.

 The address of  "Brit-Am  Israel"  is Yair Davidy, "Brit-Am Israel",
 P.O.B. 595, Jerusalem 91004, Israel.

The e-mail is : britam@netvision.net.il

 "BRIT-AM  ISRAEL" BELIEVES:

 *  The Hebrew Bible is the message of God.

 *  Out of the original 12 Tribes of Israel Ten were lost. Two remained. The present-day Jews are descended mainly from the two remaining Tribes of Judah and Benjamin.

 *  The Khazars were a Kingdom in southern Russia many of whose leaders converted to Judaism. The Khazars were descended from the Lost Ten Tribes. The Khazars were blood-relatives of the Picts who went to Scotland, and of the Anglo-Saxons, and of peoples in Scandinavia.

 * In addition to the Khazars, many  other converts to Judaism through the ages were descended from assimilated Jews or from members of the Lost Ten Tribes.

 * Most of the Lost Ten Tribes migrated to Northwest and Western Europe and their descendants are now in those areas or in North America, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa.

 * We do not claim that all residents of the said nations are descended from Israel. We do however affirm  that most descendants of the Lost Ten Tribes are residents of those nations. On the whole they are unaware of their Israelite Identity.  Even so in the course of history  the Israelite origins  of peoples in those areas have influenced national developments and national characteristics.

 *  The Tribe of Joseph was divided into  two other Tribes: Ephraim and Menasseh. People from ALL of the Israelite Tribes congregated in North America but in general the U.S.A. is dominated by Menasseh. Britain has characteristics of Ephraim.

 * Reuben was important in France, Issachar in Switzerland, Benjamin in Belgium, Zebulon in Holland, Dan in Denmark, Naphtali in Norway, Gad in Sweden, the country of Finland was influenced by the Tribes of Simeon, Issachar, and Gad; Simeon, Dan, and Ephraim were important in Ireland.

 * There is a need for the present-day  "Jews" of Judah and the Lost Ten Tribes to recognize each other, and to work towards re-unification and reconciliation.

 * Proof exists confirming "Brit-Am  Israel"  Identity beliefs. Some of the evidence has been presented in works by Yair Davidy such as "The Tribes" (1993), "Ephraim" (1995), and "Lost Israelite Identity" (1996), as well as in articles in our journal "Tribesman". Much additional evidence is available and needs to be uncovered and published. Our sources include the Bible, Talmud, Midrashim, Commentators, Classical Greek and Roman historians, Chroniclers, Legends, Linguistics, Archaeology, and where pertinent racial and other scientific studies.

 * Even though much of the evidence has been revealed by ourselves it is not ours alone. Our proofs have never been properly refuted. The basic claims we have made are irrefutable. If one cannot deny our claims and there is nobody else who can it follows that one should accept them. This means that  the identity of the Lost Ten Tribes of Israel with western peoples should be acknowledged.  Once this acknowledgment is forthcoming  it is possible to discuss whatever practical conclusions need to be made.

 IF YOU ARE INTERESTED IN LEARNING MORE, IN DISCUSSION, AND/OR IN JOINING "BRIT-AM ISRAEL", please make contact by Return Mail.

                                  +++++++++++++++++++++++

NOTE FROM EDDIE:

FYI:  Yair Davidy is an ORTHODOX JEW. He does NOT believe in:

#1) Replacement theology
#2) Christian British Israelism

   Yair Davidy / Brit-Am / Orthodox Jews DO believe in:

#1) The Restoration of BOTH houses of Israel in the future (the Messianic redemption or the Ingathering of the Exiles) (Ezekiel 37:15-28) when the house of Israel (The Ten Lost Tribes) join themselves to / with the house of Judah in the end of days.

Recently, I ordered from Brit-Am and read the first three issues of the MAGAZINE BRIT-AM. The articles and the information in the magazine was OUTSTANDING.

It is VITAL in these days in which we live to understand that the belief in the restoration of both houses of Israel / Messianic Redemption / Ingathering of the Exiles and the reuniting of Ephraim
(Ten Lost Tribes) with Judah and Ephraim returning to Torah is a fundamental and foundational belief of Orthodox Judaism. It is one of the 13 articles of Jewish faith and a prayer for the Messianic Redemption / Restoration of both houses of Israel is prayed THREE times a day by Orthodox Jews.

I would HIGHLY recommend that our newsgroup members subscribe to the Brit-Am magazine to gain a greater understanding of Orthodox Jewish belief regarding this issue. In a recent edition of the magazine, Brit-Am stated that they have come to the conclusion that the primary religion of the Ten Lost Tribes today is Christianity.

Brit-Am declares that this information is VITAL to your understanding of the Bible and Hebraic Heritage Ministries Int'l agrees. Please consider obtaining the first 3 issues of the Brit-Am
magazine and subscribing to future editions.

Yours for the restoration of both houses of Israel,

Eddie Chumney
Hebraic Heritage Ministries Int'l

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From: yair davidi (britam@netvision.net.il)
To:     heb_roots_chr@hebroots.org
Subject: Thoughts on the Ten Lost Tribes

What we believe is based on the BIBLE.

Everything else must be considered to the degree that it accords with the Bible.

The Bible says that the Covenant is passed on through a combination of belief and hereditary.

The Bible says that in some cases physical hereditary is sufficient and in other cases it is not.

The Bible says that in some cases physical hereditary is not necessary.

The Bible says that in some cases intermarriage with other peoples is permitted and the offspring still considered as Biblically hereditary just the same as that of "unmixed" unions. In other cases it does not accept the offspring of mixed unions.

The Bible determines what is and what is not.

There were two aspects of the Covenant: a religious and physical one.

The Lost Ten Tribes broke the spiritual covenant but the physical one remained which to a degree was  fulfilled.

The Bible says the Lost Ten Tribes will return and renew the spiritual covenant thus reinvigorating the physical one.  People of  non-Israelite descent who identify with Israel will be accepted as Israelites (Ezekiel 47;22), (Isaiah 56;3-8).

On the other hand, The Bible says that Israel will teach the world.  Judah is especially emphasized (Zechariah 8:23).

There will be a re-union between Judah and Ephraim:

"The envy also of Ephraim shall depart, and the adversaries of Judah shall be cut off: Ephraim shall not envy Judah, and Judah shall not vex Ephraim" (Isaiah 11;13).

[EZEKIEL 37:22] AND I WILL MAKE THEM ONE NATION IN THE LAND UPON THE MOUNTAINS OF ISRAEL; AND ONE KING SHALL BE KING TO THEM ALL: AND THEY SHALL BE NO MORE TWO NATIONS, NEITHER SHALL THEY BE DIVIDED INTO TWO KINGDOMS ANY MORE AT ALL.                      

"Gilead is mine, and Manasseh is mine; Ephraim is the strength of my head; Judah is my lawgiver" (Psalms 60:9).

"..I am a father to Israel and Ephraim is my firstborn" (Jeremiah 31:9).

"Is not Ephraim my dear son? Is he not a pleasant child? for since I spake against him, I do earnestly remember him still: therefore my bowels are troubled for him: I will surely have mercy upon him, saith the LORD" (Jeremiah 31;20).

"Give ear, O shepherd of Israel, Thou that leadest Joseph like a flock; Thou that dwellest between the cherubims, shine forth.  Before Ephraim and Benjamin and Manasseh stir up thy strength  and come and save us. Turn us again, O God and cause thy face to shine; and we  shall be saved" (Psalms 80:1-3).

"And for the precious things of the earth and the fullness thereof, and for the good will of him that dwelt in the bush: let the blessing come upon the head of Joseph, and upon the top of the head of him that was separated from his brethren.

"His glory is like the firstling of his bullock, and his horns are the horns of unicorns: with them he shall push the people together unto the ends of the earth: and they are the ten thousands of Ephraim, and they are the thousands of Manasseh" (Deuteronomy 33;:16-17).

According to Onkelos the Hebrew meaning of the expression:

"he shall push the people together unto the ends of the earth" is that Joseph shall rule over the earth.

Joseph and Judah thus still have their own respective taks to fulfil.

Regarding "Israel" in general

The clear intention is to a physical Israel whose members appear mostly to be somehow physically descended from ISRAELITE ANCESTORS.
 

For a subscription of
four issues of BRIT-AM
send $36 to:

Yair Davidy
POB 595
Jerusalem 91004
Israel.

BRIT-AM is a magazine that carries a unique message and contains information vital to you and the future.

http://www.geocities.com/hiberi/tribesman.html

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From: yair davidi (britam@netvision.net.il)
To: heb_roots_chr@hebroots.org
Subject: Torah and the Ten Lost Tribes


s.5
[DEUT 27:11] AND MOSES CHARGED THE PEOPLE THE SAME DAY, SAYING,

[DEUT 27:12] THESE SHALL STAND UPON MOUNT GERIZIM TO BLESS THE PEOPLE, WHEN YE ARE COME OVER JORDAN; SIMEON, AND LEVI, AND JUDAH, AND ISSACHAR, AND JOSEPH, AND BENJAMIN:

Half the tribes stood on the side of one mountain and half of the tribes stood on the side of another mountain facing the others. The ark of the Covenant with the priests and some of the Levites stood in a valley between them.

[DEUT 27:13] AND THESE SHALL STAND UPON MOUNT EBAL TO CURSE; REUBEN, GAD, AND ASHER, AND ZEBULUN, DAN, AND NAPHTALI.

All those who stood on Mount Ebal (of the curse) were thoroughly lost when the northern ten tribes were exiled. Of those who stood on Mount Gerizim (of the blessing) Simeon, Levi, Judah, and Benjamin belonged to the kingdom of Judah.  In addition a not insignificant minority of refugees from Joseph and Issachar had also been assimilated amongst Judah:

Concerning Asa the king of Judah it says that many from the north came to him for religious reasons: Ephram and Menasseh (i.e. Joseph), as well as Judah, Benjamin, and Simeon are mentioned.

2CHR 15:8]

AND WHEN ASA HEARD THESE WORDS, AND THE PROPHECY OF ODED THE PROPHET, HE TOOK COURAGE, AND PUT AWAY THE ABOMINABLE IDOLS OUT OF ALL THE LAND OF JUDAH AND BENJAMIN, AND OUT OF THE CITIES WHICH HE HAD TAKEN FROM MOUNT EPHRAIM, AND RENEWED THE ALTAR OF THE LORD, THAT WAS BEFORE THE PORCH OF THE LORD.                      

2CHR 15:9]

AND HE GATHERED ALL JUDAH AND BENJAMIN, AND THE STRANGERS WITH THEM OUT OF EPHRAIM AND MANASSEH, AND OUT OF SIMEON: FOR THEY FELL TO HIM OUT OF ISRAEL IN ABUNDANCE, WHEN THEY SAW THAT THE LORD HIS GOD WAS WITH HIM.                      

This brings us to the question of refugees from the northern tribes who remained with Judah (the Jews): Later it says that in the time of Hezekiah people from Ephraim, Menasseh, Issachar, and Zebulon came up to Jerusalem to sacrifice.

2CHR 30:18]

FOR A MULTITUDE OF THE PEOPLE, EVEN MANY OF EPHRAIM, AND MANASSEH,   ISSACHAR, AND ZEBULUN, HAD NOT CLEANSED THEMSELVES, YET DID THEY EAT THE PASSOVER  OTHERWISE THAN IT WAS WRITTEN. BUT HEZEKIAH PRAYED FOR THEM, SAYING, THE GOOD LORD PARDON EVERY ONE                     

 2CHR 30:19] THAT PREPARETH HIS HEART TO SEEK GOD, THE LORD GOD OF HIS FATHERS,  THOUGH HE BE NOT CLEANSED ACCORDING TO THE PURIFICATION OF THE SANCTUARY.             
 
2CHR 30:20] AND THE LORD HEARKENED TO HEZEKIAH, AND HEALED THE PEOPLE.

Previous to this Hezekiah had sent posts throughout the land asking remnants of the Northern Tribes to come up to Jerusalem:

 2CHR 30:10] SO THE POSTS PASSED FROM CITY TO CITY THROUGH THE COUNTRY OF EPHRAIM AND MANASSEH EVEN UNTO ZEBULUN: BUT THEY LAUGHED THEM TO SCORN, AND MOCKED THEM.                     

2CHR 30:11]

NEVERTHELESS DIVERS OF ASHER AND MANASSEH AND OF ZEBULUN HUMBLED THEMSELVES, AND CAME TO JERUSALEM.

This happened at the beginning of the reign of Hezekiah. At this point most of the northern tribes had already been exiled by the Assyrians. A remnant remained. Most of this remnant was also destined to soon be taken into exile but we know from archaeology that some escaped to Jerusalem. It may be that many out of the few that escaped belonged to those who feared God.

[DEUT 27:26] CURSED BE HE THAT CONFIRMETH NOT ALL THE WORDS OF THIS LAW TO DO THEM. AND ALL THE PEOPLE SHALL SAY, AMEN.

All of the Law must be kept by those who are obliged. Those who are not so obliged should also respect the Law. The Lost Ten Tribes do not have to keep the Law at this stage. In the past they did have to keep the Law and in the future they will return and do so.

[DEUT 28:68] AND THE LORD SHALL BRING THEE INTO EGYPT AGAIN WITH SHIPS, BY THE WAY WHEREOF I SPAKE UNTO THEE, THOU SHALTSEE IT NO  MORE AGAIN: AND THERE YE SHALL BE SOLD UNTO YOUR ENEMIES FOR BONDMEN AND BONDWOMEN, AND NO MAN SHALL BUY YOU.

This happened to the Jews of Judah after the fall of Jerusalem  in the time of the Romans. Slaves were brought to Gaza, taken in ships to Egypt and there sold at give-away prices.

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From: yair davidi (britam@netvision.net.il)
To:   heb_roots_chr@hebroots.org
Subject: Isaiah-9 no.2: Cimmerians


Isaiah-9 no.2

 [ISA 9:2]

THE PEOPLE WHO WALKED IN DARKNESS HAVE SEEN A GREAT LIGHT; THOSEWHO DWELT IN A LAND OF DEEP DARKNESS, ON THEM HAS LIGHT SHINED.

"THE PEOPLE WHO WALKED IN DARKNESS": 

One commentary says this refers to the Lost Ten Tribes (LTTs) {see MeAm Loaz]. This source says that after the Assyrian King Sennacherib  besieged Jerusalem and had his army destroyed by a miracle the Lost Ten tribes who already in exile were released from bondage. This explanation could explain a lot of things but what it is based upon is uncertain. At all events the LTTs being in darkness is also reported in Isaiah 49:9 but since at the present rate it will be some time before we get there, and it is connected to the present verse, we will consider it now:

Extracts from "Ephraim" chapter four:

"That thou mayest say to the prisoners, Go forth; to them  that are in darkness,  Shew yourselves. They shall feed in the ways, and their pastures shall be in all high places" (Isaiah 49:9).

The Midrash (Numbers Rabah 1:6, Eichah Rabah 2:9, Jerusalem Sanhedrin ch.17, L.6,29) on these verses, comments:

 ~Rabbi Berachiah and Rabbi Chelbo in the name of Rabbi Shmuel bar Nachman said: To three places was Israel exiled, one to beyond the Sambation River, one to Daphneh of Antiochia, and one to where  the Clouds came down and covered them; in the same way that they [i.e.the northern Israelites west of the Jordan River] were exiled to three places, so too were the Tribes [east of the Jordan River] of Reuben, Gad, and half?Menasseh, exiled to three places. When they shall return so too will Reuben, Gad, and half?Menasseh return with them. How do we know all this?

 ~` From the verse, "Say to the prisoners go forth" (Isaiah 49:9):

 These are those  exiled beyond the Sambation River.

 "To them that are in darkness, shew yourselves" (Isaiah 49:9):

These are those whom the cloud descended upon and covered.

"They shall feed in the ways, and in all high places their pastures" (Isaiah 49:9): These are those who were exiled to Daphne of Antiochea.~'

Now from those places to which the Lost Ten Tribes were exiled there emerged the Cimmerians, Scythians, and Gothic ethnic groups. There is such evidence that these peoples were either mainly Israelite or that at least Israelites were a significant element amongst them and that the bulk of Israelite exiles were to be found in their midst. 

Like the  third part of exiled Israelites in the Midrash, so too, were the Cimmerians in Classical Literature to be associated with Clouds, Mountains, or simply regions,  of Darkness. A word root "?comer" (reminiscent of "Cimmerian") in both Hebrew and Latin connates "darkness"!16 At one stage a  portion of the Cimmerians were to be found in the Crimean Peninsula. At that  time the climate was much wetter in the Crimean region than it is now and the area was apparently always cloudy. In Latin Literature there existed  a phrase "Af tenebrae Cimmeriae" meaning "Cimmerian Darkness" and applied to the Crimea17.

The bulk of the Cimmerians via the Balkans entered Europe and moved westward. They are identified in general with the Celts. The name "Celt" has been interpreted as:

meaning "hidden" the word  which gives us the Irish form `ceilt', i.e. concealment or secret, and the word which gives us the English word "kilt"18.

The Scottii who from Scythia reached Ireland and from there went to Scotland were counted as Celts and their name ("Scotoi") in Greek was understandable as meaning obscure or hidden19. In Britain and Brittany (Gaul) lived a people called Ostrynimians by the Carthaginians and Phoenicians and this name also is said to means hidden20 from the hebrew root "sater". The god Saturn who allegedly reigned in the British Isles too has a name derivable in Hebrew from the same root ("sater") and connoting the "hidden god".  Saturn in Greek-Phoenician Mythology was taken to represent the god ["god" in their eyes, "God" in ours] of Israel or to personify the exiled of Israel, thus "Saturn"  (i.e. the exiled of Israel) ruled in the British Isles.
 
Amongst the Celts, the Cimmerians are specially linked with the Galatians and with the Cimbri of Scandinavia and too the Cymry (Welsh) of Britain.

The Orphic Argonautica (supposed ca.500 b.c.e.) placed the Cimmerians far away in the north somewhere in the British Isles:

"Cimmerii who were hidden from the sun rising by the mountains of Ripaeus in Britain near the vicinity of Hades21..."             
   "....far away in the north on the way to the Iernian [Ireland?] islands22.. ".

Homer (in the "Odyssey" 11;19) mentioned,

"The deep sea of Oceanos [i.e.The Atlantic Ocean] which is the World's boundary. There is the city of the Cimmerian people. Night is forever spread over these unhappy mortals".

It is generally agreed that both these above passages are placing Cimmerians in Britain and it was be noticed that both use expressions implying darkness or hiddenness.

Plutarch seems to have identified the Cimmerians with the Cimbri of Scandinavia and the North sea coast ?as did other Roman writers.

Plutarch says of these Cimmerian descendants:

"Part of them still inhabit the remotest regions upon the outer Ocean. These... live in a dark  and woody region hardly penetrable  by the sunbeams...their days and nights being equally continuous, they divide their year into one of each..(Plutarch: "Caius Marius").

A.W. Whatmore also noted the link in Classical works of the Cimmerians with the Dark in the Caucasus, in Crimea, in Britain, and in Scandinavia23.

Denmark was settled at one stage by the Cimbri descendants of the Cimmerians and then later by the Danes from the Israelite Tribe of Dan.

This overlapping of Cimbri with the Danes of Dan is interesting. A Midrash commented on the Tribal Order of Marching forward in the Wilderness when the ancient Israelites had escaped from Egypt yet still had not been allowed to enter the Promised Land. The Midrash infers that this positioning  indicated future developments. The position of Dan, says the Midrash (Numbers Rabah 2), "was in the north, whence darkness comes".

The Cimmerians also gave rise to the Cimbri. The Cimbri, claimed Plutarch, in their migrations  carried a metal bull with them25. The Cimbri in Scandinavia are known to have had a bull cult of Mediterranean origin26. The Israelites in the Wilderness were punished for making a golden bull-calf (Hebrew: "aegel") which they intended to go before them in their wanderings (Exodus 32;1?4). Excavations in the area of northern Israel have unearthed metallic statuettes of bulls which are dated to the period of Israelite occupation prior to their exile27. King Jeroboam-1 from the Tribe of Ephraim  was the first king of northern Israel after it broke away from the south. He set up a bull-calf cult  with golden statues and cultic centres at Dan and in Beth-el (2-Kings 12;28-29). These golden statues, according to one source, were later smashed. They may have been exchanged for metallic ones. Sargon, the Assyrian king after defeating northern Israel  said, "I counted the gods  on whom they trusted as spoil"28. The statue at Beth-el (Beth-aven)  was captured by the Assyrians and "carried unto Assyria" (Hosea 10;6). The Cimbri practice of carrying a metallic bull with them may have been a carryover from their north Israelite paganism.

The Cimbri were later to be found throughout Scandinavia29 especially in Denmark-Jutland which Procopius ("Gothic Wars 2.1.7) referred to as "Brittania" whereas the isle of Britain (home of the British Cymry) he called "Brittia". Part of the Cimbri reached Holland in their wanderings and there too  the presence of a tribe of "Bretons" was reported (Pliny N.H.4;17)30. Isaiah (ch.49) placed the Lost Israelites in "Isles of the Sea" and said they would establish a "Brit-Am" i.e. A People's Covenant or Commonwealth.

Whatmore ("Insulae Britannicae", 1913) showed that in Classical Literature the Islands of Britain were considered the edge of the world, the last section of Scythia, and associated with Cimmerian darkness.  The same characteristics were ascribed to Scandinavia and then later Scandinavian writers said the same things about North America wherein Viking Scandinavians attempted to settle!

The Viking leader, Leif Ericson, in the 1100s c.e. visited the coasts of North America and an effort at colonisation was made. A Chronicle of the event gave the names Helluland, Markland, and Vinland to the countries visited. Whatmore equated "Markland" with North America31. After  drawing parallels between the Danish-Norwegian word  "merke" and the Russian "mrak", he said that the name "Markland" (given to North America) signified DARKNESS.

The Scandinavian Chronicler was continuing the Classical tradition and Whatmore concludes that "Markland" (i.e. the name given to North America),

"is quite as likely an echo of the dark Kimmerian world"32.

It follows that in Biblical and Rabbinical tradition the Lost Ten Tribes or at least a portion of them were associated with Darkness, Clouds, and Concealment in general. Both linguistically and conceptually these same attributes were attached to the Cimmerians and to those who emerged from them. Proofs from other fields confirm that these same entities were descended largely from Israel.

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From: yair davidi (britam@netvision.net.il)
To: heb_roots_chr@hebroots.org
Subject: BRIT-AM RESEARCHES


THE ISRAELITE ORIGINS OF WESTERN PEOPLES SOME RESULTS OF BRIT-AM RESEARCHES

The ancient Israelites consisted of twelve tribes. Ten of these tribes were exiled and lost their identity. They were taken away by the Assyrians and with the downfall of the Assyrian Empire they became nations in their own right. They are identifiable as the Cimmerian, Scythian, and Gothic groups of nations.

The Cimmerians in an Assyrian inscription were referred to as "Amurru" meaning in effect at that time as ISRAELITES!

The Scythians were originally part of the Cimmerians. They rebelled against Assyria, then became allies of the Assyrians, and in the end they first took over the Assyrian Empire and then destroyed it. They were allied with the Medes and Babylonians who betrayed them, massacred their leaders, and drove them northward into what was once known as Scythia and later as the USSR.  The Bible and Talmud discuss these events and attribute the deeds of the Scythians to the Lost Tribes of Israel thus identifying the two. This is conformed by a similarity of tribal names, local Jewish legends, and archaeological findings. Monarchs from the line of David were recorded in Scythian Sakastan whence came part of the Anglo-Saxon monarchs and aristocracy as well as those of the later Dutch and Scandinavians (including the Normans) of western Europe. From the Middle East and Scythia these peoples migrated en masse westward.

The Assyrians not only exiled most of the Israelites to the north where they became identifiable with the Cimmerians and company. They also took control of the Phoenician sea-faring set-up and through its agency transported Israelites directly to the west and re-settled them in Spain and elsewhere. In the course of time the exiles in Spain linked up with their Hebrew brethren in the Cimmerian-Celtic forces that advanced overland from the Middle East. From Spain they moved out into Gaul and the British Isles. Evidence for most of the above is mainly derived from Biblical, archaeological, and written sources, all of which are adequately referenced. Celtic legends confirm all of the account given above sometimes going into precise detail. Often information is given in these legends that has only recently confirmed by archaeology etc. This proves the truth of their tradition. Consequently, amongst the Celts, Anglo-Saxons, and other West Europeans were Israelite Tribes who had been exiled, and in the course of time had migrated westward. They had changed much of their religion and culture. Nevertheless they still often retained traditions of their Israelite Identity as well as Israelite Tribal and Clan names and some linguistic features. It is possible to trace the paths of their migration from the Middle East westward and their subsequent development.
 
In northern languages (such as Old English) there are many Hebrew elements. Similarly in the Celtic languages of the British Isles there is an underlying Semitic grammatical structure. Part of the vocabulary of Welsh is Hebrew.

Ancient Arab sources of Jewish inspiration said in effect that the Lost Ten Tribes were in France and Britain. Joseph son of Israel and inheritor of the Birthright had two sons, Ephraim and Menasseh. The name Menasseh in Hebrew linguistically connotes delegated responsible American-type democracy; The very name America is a Latinised version of the Hebrew name Machir who was the firstborn of Menasseh. On the other hand, the term Ephraim has a meaning implying the aristocratic principle such as that still found in Britain and nowhere else. The Tudor Rose (an official symbol of Britain) was described in the "Zohar" (an ancient work of traditional Jewish spiritual contemplation based on the Bible) as representative of Israel.

The Prophet Jeremiah (in chapter 31) exhorted Israel to establish stone monuments to indicate their path of movement away from the Holy Land and the way they are destined to return. [This interpretation is in accordance with traditional Rabbinical Commentary]. The necessary trails of stone-monuments do exist demonstrating the movement of peoples between Israel and Northwest Europe and helping to identify the said peoples with Israel. Jeremiah and other prophets predicted the future re-unification of the Jews (Judah) with the Lost Ten Tribes of Israel (Britain,  America and related European nations) and a king from the House of David ruling over them.

Other findings of Brit-Am include: Pertinent discoveries in the field of Genetics and DNA that substantiate our findings; Biblical Codes that reveal the Hebrew identity of western nations; Inherited Israelite patterns of behavior amongst these nations; The influence of Ancient Israelite ancestry on modern power politics and so on.

Scriptural passages confirm the identifications concerning all of the Lost Tribes as a whole, as well as those especially of Joseph in America, Britain, and amongst descendants of the British overseas. It was prophesied that the Lost Ten Tribes would be in the Isles of the Sea, at the extremities of Continents, in the north, seafaring and powerful, possessors of strategic international thoroughfares, wealthy, and blessed. They would be military formidable and all nations of the earth would defer to them. They were to become extremely numerous and to be a civilizing element amongst the peoples. The Prophets Isaiah and Jeremiah describe the Lost Ten Tribes in the Latter Days as apparently practicing a form of Christianity: They must, therefore, be sought for amongst those Christian nations who most fully meet other given signs of identification.

Yair Davidy
Brit-Am Israel
POB 595
Jerusalem 91004
Israel

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