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Yeshua: The Hebrew Word for Jesus
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Acts 15 is a Torah dispute between Pharisaic believers in Yeshua
as the Messiah regarding the role of circumcision for a non-Jew who
wants to be in covenant relationship with the God of Israel. In order to
understand the issue, a detailed study is done to determine the Biblical
meaning and application of circumcision. What has greater Torah weight -
circumcision in the heart or circumcision of the flesh ?A sect of
Pharisaic believers said it is circumcision of the flesh. Paul argued
that it is circumcision of the heart. In order to understand Paul's
position, his teachings on the issue in the New Testament are examined.
In Part 2, it is shown that the reason why the dispute was settled in
Jerusalem is because this is what the Torah requires. The ruling by
James and the brethren was based upon the prophecy in Amos 9:11 to
restore the tabernacle of David which is the unification of Ephraim and
Judah. The four necessary things given to the non-Jews to observe come
from the Holiness laws in Leviticus 17-20. Furthermore, observance of
these four necessary things reverses the sins of Ephraim mentioned in
the book of Hosea.